The 470 numbered articles listed below, published before September 2004,
cite one or both of the original DFA articles:

Peng CK, Buldyrev SV, Havlin S, Simons M, Stanley HE, Goldberger AL.
Mosaic organization of DNA nucleotides.
Phys Rev E 49: 16851689, 1994.

Peng CK, Havlin S, Stanley HE, Goldberger AL.
Quantification of scaling
exponents and crossover phenomena in nonstationary heartbeat time series.
Chaos 5: 8287, 1995.
Use Google Scholar to find citations of these articles from
2005 and later, or from
1994 and later..
As of August 2012, the second search returned about 1500 results.
[Return to the DFA home page]
1994
1. Borovk AS, Frankkamenetskii MD and Grosberg AY. Fractality of DNA Texts. Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics 12: 655669, 1994.
2. Li WT, Marr TG and Kaneko K. Understanding LongRange Correlations in DNASequences. Physica D 75: 392416, 1994.
3. Ossadnik SM, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Mantegna RN, Peng CK, Simons M and Stanley HE. Correlation Approach to Identify Coding Regions in DNASequences. Biophysical Journal 67: 6470, 1994.
4. Stanley HE, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Mantegna RN, Peng CK and Simons M. Statistical and Linguistic Features of Noncoding DNA  a Heterogeneous [[Complex System]]. Nuovo Cimento Della Societa Italiana Di Fisica DCondensed Matter Atomic Molecular and Chemical Physics Fluids Plasmas Biophysics 16: 13391356, 1994.
5. Stanley HE, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Goldberger ZD, Havlin S, Mantegna RN, Ossadnik SM, Peng CK and Simons M. StatisticalMechanics in Biology  How Ubiquitous Are LongRange Correlations. Physica A 205: 214253, 1994.
1995
6. Arneodo A, Bacry E, Graves PV and Muzy JF. Characterizing LongRange Correlations in DNASequences from Wavelet Analysis. Physical Review Letters 74: 32933296, 1995.
7. Azbel MY. Universality in a DNA Statistical Structure. Physical Review Letters 75: 168171, 1995.
8. Belair J, Glass L, Heiden UAD and Milton J. Dynamical Disease  Identification, Temporal Aspects and Treatment Strategies of Human Illness. Chaos 5: 17, 1995.
9. Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Mantegna RN, Matsa ME, Peng CK, Simons M and Stanley HE. LongRange CorrelationProperties of Coding and Noncoding DNASequences  Genbank Analysis. Physical Review E 51: 50845091, 1995.
10. Czirok A, Mantegna RN, Havlin S and Stanley HE. Correlations in Binary Sequences and a Generalized Zipf Analysis. Physical Review E 52: 446452, 1995.
11. Ebeling W and Neiman A. LongRange Correlations between Letters and Sentences in Texts. Physica A 215: 233241, 1995.
12. Goldberger AL. Fractals, DNA and the Evolution of Biologie Complexity. Protein Engineering 8: 9797, 1995.
13. Hausdorff JM, Peng CK, Ladin Z, Wei JY and Goldberger AL. Is Walking a RandomWalk  Evidence for LongRange Correlations in Stride Interval of Human Gait. Journal of Applied Physiology 78: 349358, 1995.
14. Havlin S, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Mantegna RN, Ossadnik SM, Peng CK, Simon M and Stanley HE. Fractals in Biology and Medicine. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 6: 171201, 1995.
15. Havlin S, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Mantegna RN, Peng CK, Simons M and Stanley HE. Statistical and Linguistic Features of DNASequences. FractalsComplex Geometry Patterns and Scaling in Nature and Society 3: 269284, 1995.
16. Peng CK, Havlin S, Hausdorff JM, Mietus JE, Stanley HE and Goldberger AL. Fractal mechanisms and heart rate dynamics  Longrange correlations and their breakdown with disease. Journal of Electrocardiology 28: 5965, 1995.
17. Peng CK, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Mantegna RN, Simons M and Stanley HE. Statistical Properties of DNASequences. Physica A 221: 180192, 1995.
18. Peng CK, Havlin S, Stanley HE and Goldberger AL. Quantification of Scaling Exponents and Crossover Phenomena in Nonstationary Heartbeat TimeSeries. Chaos 5: 8287, 1995.
19. Stanley HE. PhaseTransitions  Power Laws and Universality. Nature 378: 554554, 1995.
20. Strait BJ and Dewey TG. Multifractals and Decoded Walks  Applications to ProteinSequence Correlations. Physical Review E 52: 65886592, 1995.
21. Taqqu MS, Teverovsky V and Willinger W. Estimators for longrange dependence: An empirical study. Fractalsan Interdisciplinary Journal on the Complex Geometry of Nature 3: 785798, 1995.
1996
22. Arneodo A, dAubentonCarafa Y, Bacry E, Graves PV, Muzy JF and Thermes C. Wavelet based fractal analysis of DNA sequences. Physica D 96: 291320, 1996.
23. Attard GS, Hurworth AC and Jack JP. Languagelike features in DNA: Transposable element footprints in the genome. Europhysics Letters 36: 391396, 1996.
24. BernaolaGalvan P, RomanRoldan R and Oliver JL. Compositional segmentation and longrange fractal correlations in DNA sequences. Physical Review E 53: 51815189, 1996.
25. Chechetkin VR and Turygin AY. Study of correlations in DNA sequences. Journal of Theoretical Biology 178: 205217, 1996.
26. Goldberger AL. Fractals and the birth of Gothic: Reflections on the biologic basis of creativity. Molecular Psychiatry 1: 99104, 1996.
27. Goldberger AL. Nonlinear dynamics for clinicians: Chaos theory, fractals, and complexity at the bedside. Lancet 347: 13121314, 1996.
28. Hausdorff JM and Peng CK. Multiscaled randomness: A possible source of 1/f noise in biology. Physical Review E 54: 21542157, 1996.
29. Hausdorff JM, Purdon PL, Peng CK, Ladin Z, Wei JY and Goldberger AL. Fractal dynamics of human gait: Stability of longrange correlations in stride interval fluctuations. Journal of Applied Physiology 80: 14481457, 1996.
30. Ivanov PC, Rosenblum MG, Peng CK, Mietus J, Havlin S, Stanley HE and Goldberger AL. Scaling behaviour of heartbeat intervals obtained by waveletbased timeseries analysis. Nature 383: 323327, 1996.
31. Iyengar N, Peng CK, Morin R, Goldberger AL and Lipsitz LA. Agerelated alterations in the fractal scaling of cardiac interbeat interval dynamics. American Journal of PhysiologyRegulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 40: R1078R1084, 1996.
32. KoscielnyBunde E, Bunde A, Havlin S and Goldreich Y. Analysis of daily temperature fluctuations. Physica A 231: 393396, 1996.
33. Kubstrup C and Mosekilde E. Bifurcation structure of an optical ring cavity. Physica Scripta T67: 167175, 1996.
34. KutnjakUrbanc B, Havlin S and Stanley HE. Temporal correlations in a onedimensional sandpile model. Physical Review E 54: 61096113, 1996.
35. Makikallio TH, Seppanen T, Niemela M, Airaksinen KEJ, Tulppo M and Huikuri HV. Abnormalities in beat to beat complexity of heart rate dynamics in patients with a previous myocardial infarction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 28: 10051011, 1996.
36. Makse HA, Havlin S, Ivanov PC, King PR, Prakash S and Stanley HE. Pattern formation in sedimentary rocks: Connectivity, permeability, and spatial correlations. Physica A 233: 587605, 1996.
37. Makse HA, Davies GW, Havlin S, Ivanov PC, King PR and Stanley HE. Longrange correlations in permeability fluctuations in porous rock. Physical Review E 54: 31293134, 1996.
38. RomanRoldan R, BernaolaGalvan P and Oliver JL. Application of information theory to DNA sequence analysis: A review. Pattern Recognition 29: 11871194, 1996.
39. Stanley HE, Amaral LAN, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Hyman BT, Leschhorn H, Maass P, Makse HA, Peng CK, Salinger MA, Stanley MHR and Viswanathan GM. Scaling and universality in living systems. Fractalsan Interdisciplinary Journal on the Complex Geometry of Nature 4: 427451, 1996.
40. Stanley HE, Amaral LAN, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Leschhorn H, Maass P, Makse HA, Peng CK, Salinger MA, Stanley MHR and Viswanathan GM. Scaling and universality in animate and inanimate systems. Physica A 231: 2048, 1996.
41. Stanley HE, Afanasyev V, Amaral LAN, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Leschhorn H, Maass P, Mantegna RN, Peng CK, Prince PA, Salinger MA, Stanley MHR and Viswanathan GM. Anomalous fluctuations in the dynamics of complex systems: From DNA and physiology to econophysics. Physica A 224: 302321, 1996.
42. Tiwari S, Bhattacharya A, Bhattacharya S and Ramaswamy R. Gene identification in silico. Current Science 71: 1224, 1996.
43. Turcott RG and Teich MC. Fractal character of the electrocardiogram: Distinguishing heartfailure and normal patients. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 24: 269293, 1996.
44. Vieira MD and Herrmann HJ. A growth model for DNA evolution. Europhysics Letters 33: 409414, 1996.
45. Vilensky B. Can analysis of word frequency distinguish between writings of different authors? Physica A 231: 705711, 1996.
46. Viswanathan GM, Afanasyev V, Buldyrev SV, Murphy EJ, Prince PA and Stanley HE. Levy flight search patterns of wandering albatrosses. Nature 381: 413415, 1996.
1997
47. Behrman A and Baken RJ. Correlation dimension of electroglottographic data from healthy and pathologic subjects. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 102: 23712379, 1997.
48. Cannon MJ, Percival DB, Caccia DC, Raymond GM and Bassingthwaighte JB. Evaluating scaled windowed variance methods for estimating the Hurst coefficient of time series. Physica A 241: 606626, 1997.
49. Cizeau P, Liu YH, Meyer M, Peng CK and Stanley HE. Volatility distribution in the S&P500 stock index. Physica A 245: 441445, 1997.
50. DishonBerkovits M and Berkovits R. Workrelated tardiness: Lateness incident distribution and longrange correlations. Fractalsan Interdisciplinary Journal on the Complex Geometry of Nature 5: 321324, 1997.
51. Goldberger AL. Fractal variability versus pathologic periodicity: Complexity loss and stereotypy in disease. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40: 543561, 1997.
52. Hausdorff JM, Mitchell SL, Firtion R, Peng CK, Cudkowicz ME, Wei JY and Goldberger AL. Altered fractal dynamics of gait: Reduced strideinterval correlations with aging and Huntington's disease. Journal of Applied Physiology 82: 262269, 1997.
53. Ho KKL, Moody GB, Peng CK, Mietus JE, Larson MG, Levy D and Goldberger AL. Predicting survival in heart failure case and control subjects by use of fully automated methods for deriving nonlinear and conventional indices of heart rate dynamics. Circulation 96: 842848, 1997.
54. Liu YH, Cizeau P, Meyer M, Peng CK and Stanley HE. Correlations in economic time series. Physica A 245: 437440, 1997.
55. Makikallio TH, Seppanen T, Airaksinen KEJ, Koistinen J, Tulppo MP, Peng CK, Goldberger AL and Huikuri HV. Dynamic analysis of heart rate may predict subsequent ventricular tachycardia after myocardial infarction. American Journal of Cardiology 80: 779&, 1997.
56. Paulus MP. Longrange interactions in sequences of human behavior. Physical Review E 55: 32493256, 1997.
57. Poon CS and Merrill CK. Decrease of cardiac chaos in congestive heart failure. Nature 389: 492495, 1997.
58. Ragosta M, Serio C, Lanfredi MT and Macchiato M. Dynamical degrees of freedom of DNA sequences by local and global shortrange prediction. Fractalsan Interdisciplinary Journal on the Complex Geometry of Nature 5: 110, 1997.
59. Vandewalle N and Ausloos M. Coherent and random sequences in financial fluctuations. Physica A 246: 454459, 1997.
60. Viswanatha GM, Peng CK, Stanley HE and Goldberger AL. Deviations from uniform power law scaling in nonstationary time series. Physical Review E 55: 845849, 1997.
61. Viswanathan GM, Buldyrev SV, Havlin S and Stanley HE. Quantification of DNA patchiness using longrange correlation measures. Biophysical Journal 72: 866875, 1997.
62. Zhang XS, Zhu YS and Zhang XJ. New approach to studies on ECG dynamics: extraction and analyses of QRS complex irregularity time series. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 35: 467473, 1997.
63. Zik O, Moses E, Olami Z and Webman I. Scaling of propagating capillary fronts. Europhysics Letters 38: 509514, 1997.
64. Zochowski M, WinkowskaNowak K, Nowak A, Karpinski G and Budaj A. Autocorrelations of RR distributions as a measure of heart variability. Physical Review E 56: 37253727, 1997.
1998
65. Allegrini P, Buiatti M, Grigolini P and West BJ. Fractional Brownian motion as a nonstationary process: An alternative paradigm for DNA sequences. Physical Review E 57: 45584567, 1998.
66. Ashkenazy Y, Lewkowicz M, Levitan J, Moelgaard H, Thomsen PEB and Saermark K. Discrimination of the healthy and sick cardiac autonomic nervous system by a new wavelet analysis of heartbeat intervals. Fractalsan Interdisciplinary Journal on the Complex Geometry of Nature 6: 197203, 1998.
67. Barbi M, Chillemi S, Di Garbo A, Balocchi R, Carpeggiani C, Emdin M, Michelassi C and Santarcangelo E. Predictability and nonlinearity of the heart rhythm. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 9: 507515, 1998.
68. Bickel DR, Verklan MT and Moon J. Detection of anomalous diffusion using confidence intervals of the scaling exponent with application to preterm neonatal heart rate variability. Physical Review E 58: 64406448, 1998.
69. Buldyrev SV, Dokholyan NV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Peng CK, Stanley HE and Viswanathan GM. Analysis of DNA sequences using methods of statistical physics. Physica A 249: 430438, 1998.
70. Chechetkin VR and Lobzin VV. Study of correlations in segmented DNA sequences: Application to structural coupling between exons and introns. Journal of Theoretical Biology 190: 6983, 1998.
71. Ebeling W and Frommel C. Entropy and predictability of information carriers. Biosystems 46: 4755, 1998.
72. Goldstein B and Buchman TG. Heart rate variability in intensive care. Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 13: 252265, 1998.
73. Herzel H, Trifonov EN, Weiss O and Grosse I. Interpreting correlations in biosequences. Physica A 249: 449459, 1998.
74. Hoop B, Krause WL and Kazemi H. Temporal correlation in phrenic neural activity. In: Advances in Modeling and Control of Ventilation, 1998, p. 111118.
75. Ivanov PC, Rosenblum MG, Peng CK, Mietus JE, Havlin S, Stanley HE and Goldberger AL. Scaling and universality in heart rate variability distributions. Physica A 249: 587593, 1998.
76. KoscielnyBunde E, Bunde A, Havlin S, Roman HE, Goldreich Y and Schellnhuber HJ. Indication of a universal persistence law governing atmospheric variability. Physical Review Letters 81: 729732, 1998.
77. KoscielnyBunde E, Roman HE, Bunde A, Havlin S and Schellnhuber HJ. Longrange powerlaw correlations in local daily temperature fluctuations. Philosophical Magazine BPhysics of Condensed Matter Statistical Mechanics Electronic Optical and Magnetic Properties 77: 13311340, 1998.
78. Lu X, Sun ZR, Chen HM and Li YD. Characterizing selfsimilarity in bacteria DNA sequences. Physical Review E 58: 35783584, 1998.
79. Makikallio TH, Ristimae T, Airaksinen J, Peng CK, Goldberger AL and Huikuri HV. Heart rate dynamics in patients with stable angina pectoris and utility of fractal and complexity measures. American Journal of Cardiology 81: 2731, 1998.
80. Meyer M, Rahmel A, Marconi C, Grassi B, Cerretelli P and Skinner JE. Stability of heartbeat interval distributions in chronic high altitude hypoxia. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 33: 344362, 1998.
81. Meyer M, Rahmel A, Marconi C, Grassi B, Skinner JE and Cerretelli P. Is the heart preadapted to hypoxia? Evidence from fractal dynamics of heartbeat interval fluctuations at high altitude (5,050 m). Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 33: 940, 1998.
82. Peng CK, Hausdorff JM, Havlin S, Mietus JE, Stanley HE and Goldberger AL. Multipletime scales analysis of physiological time series under neural control. Physica A 249: 491500, 1998.
83. Pilgram B and Kaplan DT. A comparison of estimators for 1/f noise. Physica D 114: 108122, 1998.
84. Posiewnik A and Dabkowski J. A new tool for nonlinear dynamical analysis of heart rate variability. Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung Section aa Journal of Physical Sciences 53: 112116, 1998.
85. RomanRoldan R, BernaolaGalvan P and Oliver JL. Sequence compositional complexity of DNA through an entropic segmentation method. Physical Review Letters 80: 13441347, 1998.
86. Rosu H. Why DNA? Nuovo Cimento Della Societa Italiana Di Fisica DCondensed Matter Atomic Molecular and Chemical Physics Fluids Plasmas Biophysics 20: 7377, 1998.
87. Stanley HE, Amaral LAN, Andrade JS, Buldyrev SV, Havlin S, Makse HA, Peng CK, Suki B and Viswanathan G. Scaleinvariant correlations in the biological and social sciences. Philosophical Magazine BPhysics of Condensed Matter Statistical Mechanics Electronic Optical and Magnetic Properties 77: 13731388, 1998.
88. Thurner S, Feurstein MC, Lowen SB and Teich MC. Receiveroperatingcharacteristic analysis reveals superiority of scaledependent wavelet and spectral measures for assessing cardiac dysfunction. Physical Review Letters 81: 56885691, 1998.
89. Thurner S, Feurstein MC and Teich MC. Multiresolution wavelet analysis of heartbeat intervals discriminates healthy patients from those with cardiac pathology. Physical Review Letters 80: 15441547, 1998.
90. Toweill DL and Goldstein B. Linear and nonlinear dynamics and the pathophysiology of shock. New Horizonsthe Science and Practice of Acute Medicine 6: 155168, 1998.
91. Viswanathan GM, Buldyrev SV, Havlin S and Stanley HE. Longrange correlation measures for quantifying patchiness: Deviations from uniform powerlaw scaling in genomic DNA. Physica A 249: 581586, 1998.
1999
92. Absil PA, Sepulchre R, Bilge A and Gerard P. Nonlinear analysis of cardiac rhythm fluctuations using DFA method. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 272: 235244, 1999.
93. Alados CL and Weber DN. Lead effects on the predictability of reproductive behavior in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas): A mathematical model. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18: 23922399, 1999.
94. Amaral LAN, Cizeau P, Gopikrishnan P, Liu Y, Meyer M, Peng CK and Stanley HE. Econophysics: can statistical physics contribute to the science of economics? Computer Physics Communications 122: 145152, 1999.
95. Ashkenazy Y, Lewkowicz M, Levitan J, Havlin S, Saermark K, Moelgaard H and Thomsen PEB. Discrimination between healthy and sick cardiac autonomic nervous system by detrended heart rate variability analysis. FractalsComplex Geometry Patterns and Scaling in Nature and Society 7: 8591, 1999.
96. Behrman A. Global and local dimensions of vocal dynamics. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 105: 432443, 1999.
97. Blesic S, Milosevic S, Stratimirovic D and Ljubisavljevic M. Detrended fluctuation analysis of time series of a firing fusimotor neuron. Physica A 268: 275282, 1999.
98. Costa RN, Almeida MP, Andrade JS and Moreira JE. Scaling behavior in a proportional voting process. Physical Review E 60: 10671068, 1999.
99. Deng J, He YF, Ye F, Long QY and Lung CW. Accurate assessment of the roughness exponent of a fracture surface via scanning tunnelling microscopy. Journal of Physics DApplied Physics 32: L45L48, 1999.
100. Hausdorff JM, Zemany L, Peng CK and Goldberger AL. Maturation of gait dynamics: stridetostride variability and its temporal organization in children. Journal of Applied Physiology 86: 10401047, 1999.
101. Havlin S, Amaral LAN, Ashkenazy Y, Goldberger AL, Ivanov PC, Peng CK and Stanley HE. Application of statistical physics to heartbeat diagnosis. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 274: 99110, 1999.
102. Havlin S, Buldyrev SV, Bunde A, Goldberger AL, Ivanov PC, Peng CK and Stanley HE. Scaling in nature: from DNA through heartbeats to weather. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 273: 4669, 1999.
103. Huikuri HV, Poutiainen AM, Makikallio TH, Koistinen MJ, Airaksinen KEJ, Mitrani RD, Myerburg RJ and Castellanos A. Dynamic behavior and autonomic regulation of ectopic atrial pacemakers. Circulation 100: 14161422, 1999.
104. Ivanov VA, Chertovich AV, Lazutin AA, Shusharina NP, Khalatur PG and Khokhlov AR. Computer simulation of globules with microstructure. Macromolecular Symposia 146: 259265, 1999.
105. Ivanov PC, Bunde A, Amaral LAN, Havlin S, FritschYelle J, Baevsky RM, Stanley HE and Goldberger AL. Sleepwake differences in scaling behavior of the human heartbeat: Analysis of terrestrial and longterm space flight data. Europhysics Letters 48: 594600, 1999.
106. Ivanov PC, Amaral LAN, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Rosenblum MG, Struzik ZR and Stanley HE. Multifractality in human heartbeat dynamics. Nature 399: 461465, 1999.
107. Ivanova K and Ausloos M. Application of the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) method for describing cloud breaking. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 274: 349354, 1999.
108. Ivanova K. Toward a phase diagram for stocks. Physica A 270: 567577, 1999.
109. Ivanova K and Ausloos M. Loworder variability diagrams for shortrange correlation evidence in financial data: BGLUSD exchange rate, Dow Jones industrial average, gold ounce price. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 265: 279291, 1999.
110. Janosi IM, Janecsko B and Kondor I. Statistical analysis of 5 s index data of the Budapest Stock Exchange. Physica A 269: 111124, 1999.
111. Kantelhardt JW, Berkovits R, Havlin S and Bunde A. Are the phases in the Anderson model longrange correlated? Physica A 266: 461464, 1999.
112. Koorpelainen JT, Sotaniemi KA, Makikallio A, Huikuri HV and Myllyla VV. Dynamic behavior of heart rate in ischemic stroke. Stroke 30: 10081013, 1999.
113. Liebovitch LS, Todorov AT, Zochowski M, Scheurle D, Colgin L, Wood MA, Ellenbogen KA, Herre JM and Bernstein RC. Nonlinear properties of cardiac rhythm abnormalities. Physical Review E 59: 33123319, 1999.
114. Liu YH, Gopikrishnan P, Cizeau P, Meyer M, Peng CK and Stanley HE. Statistical properties of the volatility of price fluctuations. Physical Review E 60: 13901400, 1999.
115. Lux T and Marchesi M. Scaling and criticality in a stochastic multiagent model of a financial market. Nature 397: 498500, 1999.
116. Makikallio TH, Hoiber S, Kober L, TorpPedersen C, Peng CK, Goldberger AL and Huikuri HV. Fractal analysis of heart rate dynamics as a predictor of mortality in patients with depressed left ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction. American Journal of Cardiology 83: 836839, 1999.
117. Makikallio TH, Koistinen J, Jordaens L, Tulppo MP, Wood N, Golosarsky B, Peng CK, Goldberger AL and Huikuri HV. Heart rate dynamics before spontaneous onset of ventricular fibrillation in patients with healed myocardial infarcts. American Journal of Cardiology 83: 880884, 1999.
118. Makowiec D, Dabkowski J and Groth M. The Eve effect in the Penna model of biological ageing. Physica A 273: 169181, 1999.
119. Montanari A, Taqqu MS and Teverovsky V. Estimating longrange dependence in the presence of periodicity: An empirical study. Mathematical and Computer Modelling 29: 217228, 1999.
120. Pikkujamsa SM, Makikallio TH, Sourander LB, Raiha IJ, Puukka P, Skytta J, Peng CK, Goldberger AL and Huikuri HV. Cardiac interbeat interval dynamics from childhood to senescence  Comparison of conventional and new measures based on fractals and chaos theory. Circulation 100: 393399, 1999.
121. Pilgram B and Kaplan DT. Nonstationarity and 1/f noise characteristics in heart rate. American Journal of PhysiologyRegulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 276: R1R9, 1999.
122. Popivanov D and Mineva A. Testing procedures for nonstationarity and nonlinearity in physiological signals. Mathematical Biosciences 157: 303320, 1999.
123. Raymond GM and Bassingthwaighte JB. Deriving dispersional and scaled windowed variance analyses using the correlation function of discrete fractional Gaussian noise. Physica A 265: 8596, 1999.
124. Stanley HE, Buldyrev SV, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Peng CK and Simons M. Scaling features of noncoding DNA. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 273: 118, 1999.
125. Stanley HE, Amaral LAN, Goldberger AL, Havlin S, Ivanov PC and Peng CK. Statistical physics and physiology: Monofractal and multifractal approaches. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 270: 309324, 1999.
126. Stanley HE, Amaral LAN, Canning D, Gopikrishnan P, Lee Y and Liu Y. Econophysics: Can physicists contribute to the science of economics? Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 269: 156169, 1999.
127. Stanley HE. Econophysics: Can physicists contribute to the science of economics? Computing in Science & Engineering 1: 7477, 1999.
128. Treffner PJ and Kelso JAS. Dynamic encounters: Long memory during functional stabilization. Ecological Psychology 11: 103137, 1999.
129. Vandewalle N, Ausloos M and Boveroux P. The moving averages demystified. Physica A 269: 170176, 1999.
130. Vandewalle N, Ausloos M, Houssa M, Mertens PW and Heyns MM. NonGaussian behavior and anticorrelations in ultrathin gate oxides after soft breakdown. Applied Physics Letters 74: 15791581, 1999.
131. Vikman S, Makikallio TH, YliMayry S, Pikkujamsa S, Koivisto AM, Reinikainen P, Airaksinen KEJ and Huikuri HV. Altered complexity and correlation properties of RR interval dynamics before the spontaneous onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Circulation 100: 20792084, 1999.
132. Yulmetyev RM and Gafarov FM. Dynamics of the information entropy in random processes. Physica A 273: 416438, 1999.
133. Yulmetyev RM and Yulmetyeva DG. Kinetics of the dynamical information Shannon entropy for complex systems. Acta Physica Polonica B 30: 25112531, 1999.
2000
134. Alados CL and Huffman MA. Fractal longrange correlations in behavioural sequences of wild chimpanzees: A noninvasive analytical tool for the evaluation of health. Ethology 106: 105116, 2000.
135. Arnedo A, Decoster N and Roux SG. A waveletbased method for multifractal image analysis. I. Methodology and test applications on isotropic and anisotropic random rough surfaces. European Physical Journal B 15: 567600, 2000.
136. Ausloos M and Ivanova K. Introducing False EUR and False EUR exchange rates. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 286: 353366, 2000.
137. Be'er A, Lereah Y and Taitelbaum H. The dynamics and geometry of solidliquid reaction interface. Physica A 285: 156165, 2000.
138. Bunde A, Havlin S, Kantelhardt JW, Penzel T, Peter JH and Voigt K. Correlated and uncorrelated regions in heartrate fluctuations during sleep. Physical Review Letters 85: 37363739, 2000.
139. Eke A, Herman P, Bassingthwaighte JB, Raymond GM, Percival DB, Cannon M, Balla I and Ikrenyi C. Physiological time series: distinguishing fractal noises from motions. Pflugers ArchivEuropean Journal of Physiology 439: 403415, 2000.
140. Gopikrishnan P, Plerou V, Liu Y, Amaral LAN, Gabaix X and Stanley HE. Scaling and correlation in financial time series. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 287: 362373, 2000.
141. Gopikrishnan P, Plerou V, Gabaix X and Stanley HE. Statistical properties of share volume traded in financial markets. Physical Review E 62: R4493R4496, 2000.
142. GrauCarles P. Empirical evidence of longrange correlations in stock returns. Physica A 287: 396404, 2000.
143. Heneghan C and McDarby G. Establishing the relation between detrended fluctuation analysis and power spectral density analysis for stochastic processes. Physical Review E 62: 61036110, 2000.
144. Hoop B and Peng CK. Fluctuations and fractal noise in biological membranes. Journal of Membrane Biology 177: 177185, 2000.
145. Huikuri HV, Makikallio TH, Peng CK, Goldberger AL, Hintze U and Moller M. Fractal correlation properties of RR interval dynamics and mortality in patients with depressed left ventricular function after an acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 101: 4753, 2000.
146. Ivanova K, Ausloos M, Clothiaux EE and Ackerman TP. Breakup of stratus cloud structure predicted from nonBrownian motion liquid water and brightness temperature fluctuations. Europhysics Letters 52: 4046, 2000.
147. Laitio TT, Huikuri HV, Kentala ESH, Makikallio TH, Jalonen JR, Helenius H, SariolaHeinonen K, YliMayry S and Scheinin H. Correlation properties and complexity of perioperative RRinterval dynamics in coronary artery bypass surgery patients. Anesthesiology 93: 6980, 2000.
148. Lombardi F. Chaos theory, heart rate variability, and arrhythmic mortality. Circulation 101: 810, 2000.
149. Lopera G, Huikuri HV, Makikallio TH, Castellanos A and Myerburg RJ. Ischemic sudden cardiac death: Critical analysis of risk markers. Revista Espanola De Cardiologia 53: 568578, 2000.
150. Matsoukas C, Islam S and RodriguezIturbe I. Detrended fluctuation analysis of rainfall and streamflow time series. Journal of Geophysical ResearchAtmospheres 105: 2916529172, 2000.
151. Mercik S, Siwy Z and Weron K. What can be learnt from the analysis of short time series of ion channel recordings. Physica A 276: 376390, 2000.
152. Mohanty AK and Rao A. Factorial moments analyses show a characteristic length scale in DNA sequences. Physical Review Letters 84: 18321835, 2000.
153. Montanari A, Rosso R and Taqqu MS. A seasonal fractional ARIMA model applied to the Nile River monthly flows at Aswan. Water Resources Research 36: 12491259, 2000.
154. Moreira AA, Araujo AD, Farias GA, Moreira JE and Andrade JS. Charge transport in a dynamical system of interacting particles. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 278: 538552, 2000.
155. Patzak A, Mrowka R, Springer S, Eckard T, Ipsiroglu OS, Erler T and Hofmann S. Heart rate variability  physiology, methods of registration and application in the pediatric sleep laboratory. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 112: 234250, 2000.
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316. Yulmetyev R, Hanggi P and Gafarov F. Quantification of heart rate variability by discrete nonstationary nonMarkov stochastic processes. Physical Review E 65, 2002.
317. Yum MK and Kim JS. Increased intermittency and decreased nonstationarity of heart rates during the daytime in patients with neurocardiogenic syncope. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 13: 788793, 2002.
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318. Allegrini P, Benci V, Grigolini P, Hamilton P, Ignaccolo A, Menconi G, Palatella L, Raffaelli G, Scafetta N, Virgilio M and Yang J. Compression and diffusion: a joint approach to detect complexity. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 15: 517535, 2003.
319. Aoyagi N, Ohashi K and Yamamoto Y. Frequency characteristics of longterm heart rate variability during constantroutine protocol. American Journal of PhysiologyRegulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 285: R171R176, 2003.
320. Arneodo A, Decoster N, Kestener P and Roux SG. A waveletbased method for multifractal image analysis: From theoretical concepts to experimental applications. In: Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics, Vol 126, 2003, p. 192.
321. Ashkenazy Y, Baker DR, Gildor H and Havlin S. Nonlinearity and multifractality of climate change in the past 420,000 years. Geophysical Research Letters 30, 2003.
322. Ashkenazy Y, Havlin S, Ivanov PC, Peng CK, SchulteFrohlinde V and Stanley HE. Magnitude and sign scaling in powerlaw correlated time series. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 323: 1941, 2003.
323. Berezkin AV, Khalatur PG and Khokhlov AR. Computer modeling of synthesis of proteinlike copolymer via copolymerization with simultaneous globule formation. Journal of Chemical Physics 118: 80498060, 2003.
324. Blender R and Fraedrich K. Long time memory in global warming simulations. Geophysical Research Letters 30, 2003.
325. Blesic S, Milosevic S, Stratimirovic D and Ljubisavljevic M. Detecting longrange correlations in time series of neuronal discharges. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 330: 391399, 2003.
326. Carter JB, Banister EW and Blaber AP. Effect of endurance exercise on autonomic control of heart rate. Sports Medicine 33: 3346, 2003.
327. Colangelo G, Lapenna V and Telesca L. Analysis of correlation properties in geoelectrical data. FractalsComplex Geometry Patterns and Scaling in Nature and Society 11: 2738, 2003.
328. Costa M, Moody GB, Henry I and Goldberger AL. PhysioNet: An NIH research resource for complex signals. Journal of Electrocardiology 36: 139144, 2003.
329. Costa RL and Vasconcelos GL. Longrange correlations and nonstationarity in the Brazilian stock market. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 329: 231248, 2003.
330. Coza A and Morariu VV. Generating 1/f(beta) noise with a lowdimensional attractor characteristic: its significance for atomic vibrations in proteins and cognitive data. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 320: 449460, 2003.
331. Delignieres D, Deschamps T, Legros A and Caillou N. A methodological note on nonlinear time series analysis: Is the open and closedloop model of Collins and De Luca (1993) a statistical artifact? Journal of Motor Behavior 35: 8696, 2003.
332. Echeverria JC, Woolfson MS, Crowe JA, HayesGill BR, Croaker GDH and Vyas H. Interpretation of heart rate variability via detrended fluctuation analysis and alpha beta filter. Chaos 13: 467475, 2003.
333. Eichner JF, KoscielnyBunde E, Bunde A, Havlin S and Schellnhuber HJ. Powerlaw persistence and trends in the atmosphere: A detailed study of long temperature records. Physical Review E 68, 2003.
334. Fischer R, Akay M, Castiglioni P and Di Rienzo M. Multi and monofractal indices of shortterm heart rate variability. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 41: 543549, 2003.
335. Fraedrich K and Blender R. Scaling of atmosphere and ocean temperature correlations in observations and climate models. Physical Review Letters 90, 2003.
336. Fukuda K, Amaral LAN and Stanley HE. Similarities between communication dynamics in the Internet and the autonomic nervous system. Europhysics Letters 62: 189195, 2003.
337. Fukuta H, Hayano J, Ishihara S, Sakata S, Ohte N, Takahashi H, Yokoya M, Toriyama T, Kawahara H, Yajima K, Kobayashi K and Kimura G. Prognostic value of nonlinear heart rate dynamics in hemodialysis patients with coronary artery disease. Kidney International 64: 641648, 2003.
338. Gao JB, Cao YH and Lee JM. Principal component analysis of 1/f(alpha) noise. Physics Letters A 314: 392400, 2003.
339. Govindan RB, Bunde A and Havlin S. Volatility in atmospheric temperature variability. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 318: 529536, 2003.
340. GuzmanVargas L, CallejaQuevedo E and AnguloBrown F. Fractal changes in heart rate dynamics with aging and heart failure. Fluctuation and Noise Letters 3: L83L89, 2003.
341. GuzmanVargas L and AnguloBrown F. Simple model of the aging effect in heart interbeat time series. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
342. Hausdorff JM, Balash Y and Giladi N. Time series analysis of leg movements during freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease: akinesia, rhyme or reason? Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 321: 565570, 2003.
343. Hautala AJ, Makikallio TH, Seppanen T, Huikuri HV and Tulppo MP. Shortterm correlation properties of RR interval dynamics at different exercise intensity levels. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 23: 215223, 2003.
344. Huikuri HV, Makikallio TH and Perkiomaki J. Measurement of heart rate variability by methods based on nonlinear dynamics. Journal of Electrocardiology 36: 9599, 2003.
345. Huo ZL, Mao LF, Xu MZ and Tan CH. Low frequency current noise in 2.5 nm MOSFET and fractal dimension of soft breakdown. SolidState Electronics 47: 14511456, 2003.
346. Ivanova K, Ackerman TP, Clothiaux EE, Ivanov PC, Stanley HE and Ausloos M. Time correlations and 1/f behavior in backscattering radar reflectivity measurements from cirrus cloud ice fluctuations. Journal of Geophysical ResearchAtmospheres 108, 2003.
347. Johnson MA and Cote PJ. Detrended fluctuation analysis of UV degradation in a polyurethane coating. Journal of Coatings Technology 75: 5157, 2003.
348. Jose MV and Bishop RF. Scaling properties and symmetrical patterns in the epidemiology of rotavirus infection. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series BBiological Sciences 358: 16251641, 2003.
349. Kantelhardt JW, Havlin S and Ivanov PC. Modeling transient correlations in heartbeat dynamics during sleep. Europhysics Letters 62: 147153, 2003.
350. Kantelhardt JW, Penzel T, Rostig S, Becker HF, Havlin S and Bunde A. Breathing during REM and nonREM sleep: correlated versus uncorrelated behaviour. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 319: 447457, 2003.
351. Khalatur PG, Novikov VV and Khokhlov AR. Conformationdependent evolution of copolymer sequences. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
352. Kubo Y, Murakami S, Matsuoka O, Hotta N, Oinuma S, Shinagawa M, Omori K, Nunoda S, Otsuka K, Ohkawa S, Cornelissen G and Halberg F. Toward chronocardiologic and chronomic insights: dynamics of heart rate associated with headup tilting. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 57: 110S115S, 2003.
353. Kulessa B, Srokowski T and Drozdz S. Longtime autocorrelation function of ECG signal for healthy versus diseased human heart. Acta Physica Polonica B 34: 315, 2003.
354. Kutner R and Switala F. Possible origin of the nonlinear longterm autocorrelations within the Gaussian regime. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 330: 177188, 2003.
355. Kutner R and Switala F. Study of the nonlinear autocorrelations within the Gaussian regime. European Physical Journal B 33: 495503, 2003.
356. Kuusela T, Shepherd T and Hietarinta J. Stochastic model for heartrate fluctuations. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
357. Lemmerling P, Van Huffel S, Naulaers G, Daniels H and Devlieger H. Nonlinear analysis of heart rate variability in infants with apparent lifethreatening events. In: Oxygen Transport to Tissue Volume Xxiii, 2003, p. 369373.
358. Licht SS, Sonnleitner A, Weiss S and Schultz PG. A rugged energy landscape mechanism for trapping of transmembrane receptors during endocytosis. Biochemistry 42: 29162925, 2003.
359. Lin DC. Model the fractal component in heart rate variability as a dyadic bounded cascade. FractalsComplex Geometry Patterns and Scaling in Nature and Society 11: 6376, 2003.
360. Lin DC. Robustness and perturbation in the modeled cascade heart rate variability. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
361. Livina V, Ashkenazy Y, Kizner Z, Strygin V, Bunde A and Havlin S. A stochastic model of river discharge fluctuations. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 330: 283290, 2003.
362. Livina VN, Ashkenazy Y, Braun P, Monetti R, Bunde A and Havlin S. Nonlinear volatility of river flux fluctuations. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
363. Lund V, Laine J, Laitio T, Kentala E, Jalonen J and Scheinin H. Instantaneous beattobeat variability reflects vagal tone during hyperbaric hyperoxia. Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine 30: 2936, 2003.
364. Martinis M, MikutaMartinis V, Knezevic A and Crnugelj J. Spectral statistics of RR intervals in ECG. Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement: 381387, 2003.
365. Matia K, Ashkenazy Y and Stanley HE. Multifractal properties of price fluctuations of stock and commodities. Europhysics Letters 61: 422428, 2003.
366. Mercik S, Weron K, Burnecki K and Weron A. Enigma of selfsimilarity of fractional Levy stable motions. Acta Physica Polonica B 34: 37733791, 2003.
367. Metzler R. Comment on "Powerlaw correlations in the southernoscillationindex fluctuations characterizing El Nino". Physical Review E 67, 2003.
368. Meyer M and Stiedl O. Selfaffine fractal variability of human heartbeat interval dynamics in health and disease. European Journal of Applied Physiology 90: 305316, 2003.
369. Meyer M, Stiedl O and Kerman B. Discrimination by multifractal spectrum estimation of human heartbeat interval dynamics. FractalsComplex Geometry Patterns and Scaling in Nature and Society 11: 195204, 2003.
370. Monetti RA, Havlin S and Bunde A. Longterm persistence in the sea surface temperature fluctuations. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 320: 581589, 2003.
371. Morariu VV and Coza A. Nonlinear properties of the atomic vibrations in protein backbones. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 320: 461474, 2003.
372. Moret MA, Zebende GF, Nogueira E and Pereira MG. Fluctuation analysis of stellar xray binary systems. Physical Review E 68, 2003.
373. Nigmatullin RR, Toboev VA, Smith G and Butler P. Statistical detection of the hidden distortions in diffusive spectra. Journal of Physics DApplied Physics 36: 10441052, 2003.
374. Ohashi K, Amaral LAN, Natelson BH and Yamamoto Y. Asymmetrical singularities in realworld signals. Physical Review E 68, 2003.
375. Pavlov AN and Dumsky DV. Return times dynamics: role of the Poincare section in numerical analysis. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 18: 795801, 2003.
376. Pavlov AN, Sosnovtseva OV and Mosekilde E. Scaling features of multimode motions in coupled chaotic oscillators. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 16: 801810, 2003.
377. Penzel T, Kantelhardt JW, Grote L, Peter JH and Bunde A. Comparison of detrended fluctuation analysis and spectral analysis for heart rate variability in sleep and sleep apnea. Ieee Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 50: 11431151, 2003.
378. Perkiomaki JS, Couderc JP, Daubert JP and Zareba W. Temporal complexity of repolarization and mortality in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. PacePacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 26: 19311936, 2003.
379. Renaud P, Decarie J, Gourd SP, Paquin LC and Bouchard S. Eyetracking in immersive environments: A general methodology to analyze affordancebased interactions from oculomotor dynamics. Cyberpsychology & Behavior 6: 519526, 2003.
380. Robinson PA. Interpretation of scaling properties of electroencephalographic fluctuations via spectral analysis and underlying physiology. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
381. Rybski D, Havlin S and Bunde A. Phase synchronization in temperature and precipitation records. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 320: 601610, 2003.
382. Salminen LI, Alava MJ and Niskanen KJ. Analysis of long crack lines in paper webs. European Physical Journal B 32: 369374, 2003.
383. Sapir N, Karasik R, Havlin S, Simon E and Hausdorff JM. Detecting scaling in the period dynamics of multimodal signals: Application to Parkinsonian tremor. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
384. Shen Y, Olbrich E, Achermann P and Meier PF. Dimensional complexity and spectral properties of the human sleep EEG. Clinical Neurophysiology 114: 199209, 2003.
385. Som A, Sahoo S, Mukhopadhyay I, Chakrabarti J and Chaudhury R. Scaling violations in coding DNA. Europhysics Letters 62: 271277, 2003.
386. Stanley HE. Statistical physics and economic fluctuations: do outliers exist? Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 318: 279292, 2003.
387. Suki B, Alencar AM, Frey U, Ivanov PC, Buldyrev SV, Majumdar A, Stanley HE, Dawson CA, Krenz GS and Mishima M. Fluctuations, noise and scaling in the cardiopulmonary system. Fluctuation and Noise Letters 3: R1R25, 2003.
388. Telesca L, Colangelo G and Lapenna V. Quantitative dynamics in geophysical parameters simultaneously recorded in the Soos Nature Park (Czech Republic). Fluctuation and Noise Letters 3: L73L82, 2003.
389. Telesca L, Lapenna V and Macchiato M. Spatial variability of the timecorrelated behaviour in Italian seismicity. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 212: 279290, 2003.
390. Telesca L, Lapenna V and Macchiato M. Investigating the timeclustering properties in seismicity of UmbriaMarche region (central Italy). Chaos Solitons & Fractals 18: 203217, 2003.
391. Telesca L, Colangelo G, Lapenna V and Macchiato M. Monofractal and multifractal characterization of geoelectrical signals measured in southern Italy. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 18: 385399, 2003.
392. Tibby SM, Frndova H, Durward A and Cox PN. Novel method to quantify loss of heart rate variability in pediatric multiple organ failure. Critical Care Medicine 31: 20592067, 2003.
393. Tulppo MP, Hautala AJ, Makikallio TH, Laukkanen RT, Nissila S, Hughson RL and Huikuri HV. Effects of aerobic training on heart rate dynamics in sedentary subjects. Journal of Applied Physiology 95: 364372, 2003.
394. Van Quyen ML, Chavez M, Rudrauf D and Martinerie J. Exploring the nonlinear dynamics of the brain. Journal of PhysiologyParis 97: 629639, 2003.
395. Varela M, Jimenez L and Farina R. Complexity analysis of the temperature curve: new information from body temperature. European Journal of Applied Physiology 89: 230237, 2003.
396. Varotsos PA, Sarlis NV and Skordas ES. Attempt to distinguish electric signals of a dichotomous nature. Physical Review E 68, 2003.
397. Varotsos PA, Sarlis NV and Skordas ES. Longrange correlations in the electric signals that precede rupture: Further investigations. Physical Review E 67, 2003.
398. Vikman S, Makikallio TH, YliMayry S, Nurmi M, Airaksinen KEJ and Huikuri HV. Heart rate variability and recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion. Annals of Medicine 35: 3642, 2003.
399. Westerhoff F. Speculative markets and the effectiveness of price limits. Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control 28: 493508, 2003.
400. Willson K and Francis DP. A direct analytical demonstration of the essential equivalence of detrended fluctuation analysis and spectral analysis of RR interval variability. Physiological Measurement 24: N1N7, 2003.
401. Wilson PS, Tomsett AC and Toumi R. Longmemory analysis of time series with missing values. Physical Review E 68, 2003.
402. Yulmetyev R, Demin S, Emelyanova N, Gafarov F and Hanggi P. Stratification of the phase clouds and statistical effects of the nonMarkovity in chaotic time series of human gait for healthy people and Parkinson patients. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 319: 432446, 2003.
403. Zhu JL and Liu ZG. Longrange persistence of acid deposition. Atmospheric Environment 37: 26052613, 2003.
2004
404. Acquisti C, Allegrini P, Bogani P, Buiatti M, Catanese E, Fronzoni L, Grigolini P, Mersi G and Palatella L. In the search for the lowcomplexity sequences in prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes: how to derive a coherent picture from global and local entropy measures. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 20: 127137, 2004.
405. Alados CL, Pueyo Y, Barrantes O, Escos J, Giner L and Robles AB. Variations in landscape patterns and vegetation cover between 1957 and 1994 in a semiarid Mediterranean ecosystem. Landscape Ecology 19: 543559, 2004.
406. Amaral LAN, Soares DJB, da Silva LR, Lucena LS, Saito M, Kumano H, Aoyagi N and Yamamoto Y. Power law temporal autocorrelations in daylong records of human physical activity and their alteration with disease. Europhysics Letters 66: 448454, 2004.
407. Amaral LAN and Ottino JM. Complex systems and networks: challenges and opportunities for chemical and biological engineers. Chemical Engineering Science 59: 16531666, 2004.
408. Amaral LAN and Ottino JM. Complex networks  Augmenting the framework for the study of complex systems. European Physical Journal B 38: 147162, 2004.
409. Audit B, Vaillant C, Arneodo A, D'AubentonCarafa Y and Thermes C. Wavelet analysis of DNA bending profiles reveals structural constraints on the evolution of genomic sequences. Journal of Biological Physics 30: 3381, 2004.
410. Ausloos M and Ivanova K. Classical technical analysis of Latin American market indices. Correlations in Latin American currencies (ARS, CLP, MXP) exchange rates with respect to DEM, GBP, JPY and USD. Brazilian Journal of Physics 34: 504511, 2004.
411. Bian CH and Ning XB. Evaluating agerelated loss of nonlinearity degree in shortterm heartbeat series by optimum modeling dimension. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 337: 149156, 2004.
412. Burnecki K and Weron A. Levy stable processes. From stationary to selfsimilar dynamics and back. An application to finance. Acta Physica Polonica B 35: 13431358, 2004.
413. Cajueiro DO and Tabak BM. The Hurst exponent over time: testing the assertion that emerging markets are becoming more efficient. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 336: 521537, 2004.
414. Carbone A, Castelli G and Stanley HE. Analysis of clusters formed by the moving average of a longrange correlated time series. Physical Review E 69, 2004.
415. Chakravarthy N, Spanias A, Iasemidis LD and Tsakalis K. Autoregressive modeling and feature analysis of DNA sequences. Eurasip Journal on Applied Signal Processing 2004: 1328, 2004.
416. Dudkowska A and Makowiec D. Sleep and wake phase of heart beat dynamics by artificial insymmetrised patterns. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 336: 174180, 2004.
417. Echeverria JC, HayesGill BR, Crowe JA and Woolfson MS. Detrended fluctuation analysis: a suitable method for studying fetal heart rate variability? Physiological Measurement 25: 763774, 2004.
418. Fukuda K, Stanley HE and Amaral LAN. Heuristic segmentation of a nonstationary time series. Physical Review E 69, 2004.
419. Fulco UL, Lyra ML, Petroni F, Serva M and Viswanathan GM. A stochastic model for multifractal behavior of stock prices. International Journal of Modern Physics B 18: 681689, 2004.
420. Gneiting T and Schlather M. Stochastic models that separate fractal dimension and the Hurst effect. Siam Review 46: 269282, 2004.
421. Grech D and Mazur Z. Can one make any crash prediction in finance using the local Hurst exponent idea? Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 336: 133145, 2004.
422. Hu K, Ivanov PC, Chen Z, Hilton MF, Stanley HE and Shea SA. Nonrandom fluctuations and multiscale dynamics regulation of human activity. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 337: 307318, 2004.
423. Hwa RC and Ferree TC. Stroke detection based on the scaling properties of human EEG. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 338: 246254, 2004.
424. Ignaccolo M, Allegrini P, Grigolini P, Hamilton P and West BJ. Scaling in nonstationary time series. (I). Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 336: 595622, 2004.
425. Ignaccolo M, Allegrini P, Grigolini P, Hamilton P and West BJ. Scaling in nonstationary time series. (II). Teen birth phenomenon. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 336: 623637, 2004.
426. Imponente G. Complex dynamics of the biological rhythms: gallbladder and heart cases. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 338: 277281, 2004.
427. Isvoran A. Describing some properties of adenylat kinase using fractal concepts. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 19: 141145, 2004.
428. Ivanov PC, Yuen A, Podobnik B and Lee Y. Common scaling patterns in intertrade times of US stocks. Physical Review E 69, 2004.
429. Jennings HD, Ivanov PC, Martins AD, da Silva PC and Viswanathan GM. Variance fluctuations in nonstationary time series: a comparative study of music genres. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 336: 585594, 2004.
430. Jones OD and Shen Y. Estimating the Hurst index of a selfsimilar process via the crossing tree. Ieee Signal Processing Letters 11: 416419, 2004.
431. Kim JH, Yi SH, Yoo CS, Yang SA, Yoon SC, Lee KY, Ahn YM, Kang UG and Kim YS. Heart rate dynamics and their relationship to psychotic symptom severity in clozapinetreated schizophrenic subjects. Progress in NeuroPsychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry 28: 371378, 2004.
432. Kuusela T. Stochastic heartrate model can reveal pathologic cardiac dynamics. Physical Review E 69, 2004.
433. Laitio TT, Huikuri HV, Makikallio TH, Jalonen J, Kentala ESH, Helenius H, Pullisaar O, Hartiala J and Scheinin H. The breakdown of fractal heart rate dynamics predicts prolonged postoperative myocardial ischemia. Anesthesia and Analgesia 98: 12391244, 2004.
434. Latka M, GlaubicLatka M, Latka D and West BJ. Fractal rigidity in migraine. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 20: 165170, 2004.
435. LinkenkaerHansen K, Nikulin VV, Palva JM, Kaila K and Ilmoniemi RJ. Stimulusinduced change in longrange temporal correlations and scaling behaviour of sensorimotor oscillations. European Journal of Neuroscience 19: 203211, 2004.
436. MajamaaVoltti K, Majamaa K, Peuhkurinen K, Makikallio TH and Huikuri HV. Cardiovascular autonomic regulation in patients with 3243A > G mitochondrial DNA mutation. Annals of Medicine 36: 225231, 2004.
437. Makikallio AM, Makikallio TH, Korpelainen JT, Sotaniemi KA, Huikuri HV and Myllyla VV. Heart rate dynamics predict poststroke mortality. Neurology 62: 18221826, 2004.
438. Makowiec D. Deficit in small returns on inefficient market. Acta Physica Polonica B 35: 17511762, 2004.
439. Makowiec D, Gnacinski P and Miklaszewski W. Amplified imitation in percolation model of stock market. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 331: 269278, 2004.
440. Maria GA, Escos J and Alados CL. Complexity of behavioural sequences and their relation to stress conditions in chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus): a noninvasive technique to evaluate animal welfare. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 86: 93104, 2004.
441. Martinis M, Knezevic A, Krstacic G and Vargovic E. Changes in the Hurst exponent of heartbeat intervals during physical activity. Physical Review E 70, 2004.
442. Masugi M. Selforganizing mapbased analysis of IPnetwork traffic in terms of time variation of selfsimilarity: A detrended fluctuation analysis approach. Ieice Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics Communications and Computer Sciences E87A: 15461554, 2004.
443. Masugi M. Detrended fluctuation analysis of IPnetwork traffic using a twodimensional topology map. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 337: 664678, 2004.
444. Matos JMO, de Moura EP, Kruger SE and Rebello JMA. Rescaled range analysis and detrended fluctuation analysis study of cast irons ultrasonic backscattered signals. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 19: 5560, 2004.
445. Miyata M, Burioka N, Sako T, Suyama H, Fukuoka Y, Tomita K, Higami S and Shimizu E. A short daytime test using correlation dimension for respiratory movement in OSAHS. European Respiratory Journal 23: 885890, 2004.
446. Ogurtsov MG. New evidence for longterm persistence in the sun's activity. Solar Physics 220: 93105, 2004.
447. Ohashi K, Bleijenberg G, van der Werf S, Prins J, Amaral LAN, Natelson BH and Yamamoto Y. Decreased fractal correlation in diurnal physical activity in chronic fatigue syndrome. Methods of Information in Medicine 43: 2629, 2004.
448. Pang NN and Tzeng WJ. Extraction of backgrounds in fluctuating systems. Physical Review E 69, 2004.
449. Parish LM, Worrell GA, Cranstoun SD, Stead SM, Pennell P and Litt B. Longrange temporal correlations in epileptogenic and nonepileptogenic human hippocampus. Neuroscience 125: 10691076, 2004.
450. PattantyusAbraham M, Kiraly A and Janosi IM. Nonuniversal atmospheric persistence: Different scaling of daily minimum and maximum temperatures. Physical Review E 69, 2004.
451. Peltola MA, Seppanen T, Makikallio TH and Huikuri HV. Effects and significance of premature beats on fractal correlation properties of RR interval dynamics. Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology 9: 127135, 2004.
452. Sakki M, Kalda J, Vainu M and Laan M. The distribution of lowvariability periods in human heartbeat dynamics. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 338: 255260, 2004.
453. Sana H, Stevens IR, Gosset E, Rauw G and Vreux JM. A phaseresolved XMMNewton campaign on the collidingwind binary HD 152248. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 350: 809828, 2004.
454. Scafetta N and West BJ. Multiscaling comparative analysis of time series and a discussion on "earthquake conversations" in California. Physical Review Letters 92, 2004.
455. Scafetta N, Grigolini P, Imholt T, Roberts J and West BJ. Solar turbulence in earth's global and regional temperature anomalies. Physical Review E 69, 2004.
456. Scafetta N, Imholt T, Roberts JA and West BJ. An intensityexpansion method to treat nonstationary time series: an application to the distance between prime numbers. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 20: 119125, 2004.
457. Scafetta N and West BJ. Multiresolution diffusion entropy analysis of time series: an application to births to teenagers in Texas. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 20: 179185, 2004.
458. Siegel PB, Urhausen A, Sperber J and Kindermann W. Putting your heart into physics. American Journal of Physics 72: 324332, 2004.
459. Stadler LM, Sepiol B, Kantelhardt JW, Zizak I, Grubel G and Vogl G. Revealing antiphasedomain dynamics in alloys by combining advanced statistical techniques with xray photon correlation spectroscopy. Physical Review B 69, 2004.
460. Stam CJ and de Bruin EA. Scalefree dynamics of global functional connectivity in the human brain. Human Brain Mapping 22: 97109, 2004.
461. Telesca L, Cuomo V, Lapenna V and Macchiato M. Detrended fluctuation analysis of the spatial variability of the temporal distribution of Southern California seismicity. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 21: 335342, 2004.
462. Telesca L, Lapenna V and Macchiato M. Investigating linear and nonlinear behaviours in time dynamics of observational seismic sequences. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 20: 195203, 2004.
463. Telesca L, Lapenna V and Macchiato M. Mono and multifractal investigation of scaling properties in temporal patterns of seismic sequences. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 19: 115, 2004.
464. Telesca L and Macchiato M. Timescaling properties of the UmbriaMarche 19971998 seismic crisis, investigated by the detrended fluctuation analysis of interevent time series. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 19: 377385, 2004.
465. Varotsos PA, Sarlis NV, Skordas ES and Lazaridou MS. Entropy in the natural time domain. Physical Review E 70, 2004.
466. Vincenzo LA, Martinelli G and Telesca L. Longrange correlation analysis of earthquakerelated geochemical variations recorded in Central Italy. Chaos Solitons & Fractals 21: 491500, 2004.
467. Vyushin D, Zhidkov I, Havlin S, Bunde A and Brenner S. Volcanic forcing improves AtmosphereOcean Coupled General Circulation Model scaling performance. Geophysical Research Letters 31, 2004.
468. Xintian Z, Xiaoyuan H and Yanli S. Research on the fractal structure in the Chinese stock market. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 333: 293305, 2004.
469. Yoo CS and Yi SH. Effects of detrending for analysis of heart rate variability and applications to the estimation of depth of anesthesia. Journal of the Korean Physical Society 44: 561568, 2004.
470. Yulmetyev RM, Emelyanova NA, Demin SA, Gafarov FM, Hanggi P and Yulmetyeva DG. Nonmarkov stochastic dynamics of real epidemic process of respiratory infections. Physica aStatistical Mechanics and Its Applications 331: 300318, 2004.
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